Hip fractures are most common in people over 65 years of age. What could be the cause? And how to treat it? The answers with Top health.
What is a hip fracture?
Hip fracture is a fracture at the upper level of the femur† It can occur in the cervix or the trochanter. This type of fracture is common in the elderly, it usually appears after a fall. Hip fracture without falling is also possible in people who are weakened, especially from osteoporosis.
What are the symptoms of a hip fracture?
Hip fracture usually results in very intense pain, the affected person usually cannot get up. Swelling and bruising may also occur. After a hip fracture, the resting position of the leg may be abnormal, often presenting in external rotation with a shortening of the fractured limb.
What are the causes and risk factors?
Hip fracture usually occurs in people over 65† It is often due to a banal trap in everyday life and mainly affects women. This type of fracture may be favored by osteoporosis or by repeated falls that damage the bone structure. In people under 55 years of age, a hip fracture usually occurs as a result of a violent shock like a traffic accident†
Treatments: how to treat a hip fracture?
A hip fracture usually requires a surgical procedure† It can take the form of osteosynthesis, which consists of placing plates or screws to secure bone fragments. The procedure can also consist of placing a hip prosthesis to replace the damaged bone elements in the joint.
When is Hip Fracture Surgery Needed?
In the case of a fracture, if the bone is not moved, it is possible to avoid the surgical procedure by observing a very strict bed rest† However, surgery is often unavoidable and must be performed within 24 hours of the breakage to avoid complications.
How does the rehabilitation of a hip fracture proceed?
Rehabilitation begins the day after surgery. The patient is encouraged to stand with crutches and take a few steps. It is also advisable to sit in a chair to avoid the risks of bed rest. After that, rehabilitation sessions with a physiotherapist are set up and can last several weeks.
Recovery: What Is the Healing Time of a Hip Fracture?
After a hip fracture you have to count at least 3 months to regain a good level of autonomy† The bone will consolidate after about 6 weeks if all goes well. The older the patient, the longer the recovery is likely to be.
Can you walk with a hip fracture?
In a non-operated fracture, if the bone is not moved, it is possible to walk with a hip fracture. However, the standing position and support on the leg remain impossible in most cases. After the operation, the patient can take a few steps with crutches the day after the operation. He will then have to make rehabilitation of at least 3 weeks†
How do I get hospital care?
After hip surgery he is possible to stay in hospital for 5 to 10 days or more, depending on the patient’s profile. Nursing care is then provided in the hospital and paid for by the health insurance. Once out of the hospital, it is possible to go to a rehabilitation center or go home to undergo rehabilitation with a physiotherapist. If necessary, the nursing care can be continued and reimbursed from the health insurance.
What are the risks and complications?
Complications mainly occur in the elderly with a real risk of death. Hospitalization and prolonged bed rest can indeed promote the development of pressure ulcers, as well as phlebitis, pulmonary embolism or even lung infections. A Autonomy loss post-surgery can also be a risk factor for the elderly.
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