In light of the emergency, a major “deal for nature” is needed for the WWF

The action must change scale and the world must find an agreement to save nature, which is reaching a critical threshold, Marco Lambertini, director-general of WWF International, told AFP, whose latest report saw a 60% decline in wild vertebrates. revealed in 40 years.

Q: Each new edition of the Living Planet report shows a decrease in the number of wildlife around the world. How to summarize the situation today?

A: “The situation is really bad, we’ve been saying it for a while, but it’s getting worse. A lot of attention has rightly been paid to the climate. But we forget about the other +systems+ (forests, oceans, etc…), connected to the climate and super important for sustaining life on earth.

Humans have evolved over 2 million years in the heart of an abundant, rich nature…that we take for granted. We are beginning to change the biosphere in such a way that certain systems are on the brink of collapse.

The only good news is that we know exactly what’s going on. I hope this helps to give the correct answer. For the climate, we had to see extreme events increase before we signed the Paris Agreement.

Nature is a little less clear about cause and effect: we don’t feel deforestation or species extinction on our skin the way we feel heat or wind.”

Q. How to explain this degradation and its unprecedented rhythm? The report speaks of +mad human consumption+.

A: “It’s what scientists call ‘the great acceleration’ that has happened over the past 50 years. The exponential growth and consumption of everything: energy, water, wood, fish, food, fertilizers, pesticides, minerals…everything. Obviously this is not sustainable. Some +systems+ – forests, oceans… – have been absorbing these effects for decades, but we are reaching critical thresholds.

Energy consumption – and how we produce it – is an important consideration. Food consumption is the other important factor: 40% of the soil is converted to food production, 70% of water resources are used for this, more than 30% of the greenhouse gases (GHGs) come from there… And there is soy, palm oil and livestock. that cause 80% of the deforestation on the planet today”.

Q: What to do? Faced with +the big gear+, conservation efforts – protected areas, quotas, etc. – seem preposterous.

A: “These efforts have paid off, at the species or site level. But the approach does need to change. The climate tells us we need to be carbon neutral by 2050 (don’t emit more greenhouse gases than we can absorb, editor’s note) ) This means stopping deforestation and reversing biodiversity loss!

Which brings us to +the deal for nature+. Just like in Paris for the climate, we have to show what risks there are for us, people, of losing nature. Over the next 12 months, we – companies, governments, NGOs, researchers… – will also have to define a clear and meaningful target, which is the equivalent of the 1.5°C/2°C climate target. Without it, we don’t get enough attention.

We need a cultural revolution that really values ​​nature, literally gives it value. And this is the hardest. People have plants in their apartment, pamper their dog, fulfill their need for nature and artificially forget what happens to real nature outside.

This disconnection is dangerous, we need to reconnect with nature. Humanity is mining ecosystems that allow us to live for free since we first appeared on Earth, and those ecosystems are collapsing.”

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