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Prime Minister Mario Draghi announced his resignation on Thursday. Resigned by Italian President Sergio Mattarella. Previously, the senators of the 5 Star Movement (M5S, anti-system), member of the ruling coalition, had not participated in the confidence vote on a text discussed in the Senate.
Mario Draghi, faced with the crumbling of his coalition, announced in the council of ministers on Thursday evening that he would resign, the government said.
“I want to announce that tonight I will submit my resignation to the President of the Republic,” Sergio Mattarella said, according to Mario Draghi, according to comments in a press release from his services. A resignation that the Italian president refused.
“The President of the Republic has not accepted the resignation of the President of the Council and invited him to appear in Parliament (…) so that an assessment of the situation takes place,” the presidency announced on Thursday evening.
Earlier in the day, the Five Star Movement (M5S, anti-system), member of the ruling coalition, boycotted a vote of confidence over a text discussed in the Senate.
In accordance with the announcement made Wednesday evening by Giuseppe Conte, predecessor of Mario Draghi and current boss of the M5S, his party’s senators did not participate in the confidence vote requested by the executive on the occasion of the vote on a decree – law with measures of about 23 billion euros to help households and businesses in the face of inflation.
Mario Draghi had a majority to rule even without the 5 Stars, but the former head of the European Central Bank has repeatedly confirmed that there would be no government without them.
Indeed, he had entered business in early 2021 to form a coalition of “national unity” capable of overcoming the pandemic emergency and the ensuing economic crisis. However, without the support of the M5S, he believes his government is becoming “political” and believes he has not been given the mandate to lead a cabinet of this nature.
Another problem: the decree-law at the center of the political crisis also includes a measure to facilitate the construction of an incinerator in Rome, which the M5S opposes.
“We have to respond in a clear and decisive way to the growing social malaise. The irresponsible ones are not us, they are the ones who do not answer to the country,” said Mariolina Castellone, head of the M5S senators. “Today we are not taking part in the vote on this decree-law because we do not share any of its provisions,” the one related to the incinerator in Rome, “nor the method” for its adoption, she added. .
The M5S opposes incinerators which they say are expensive, polluting, inefficient and do not encourage the public to sort waste. They also demand the establishment of a minimum wage and a citizen income.
The M5S “wants to be the center of attention”
But the movement also has, if not mainly, electoralistic ulterior motives, according to analysts.
“The M5S is collapsing in the polls and needs to restore visibility (…). It wants to be the center of attention,” said Lorenzo Codogno, former chief economist of the Italian Treasury and visiting professor at the London School of Economics.
The M5S, winner of the last parliamentary election, in 2018, with 32% of the vote and a relative majority in Parliament, has since continued to decline in voting intentions, today at 10%-11%, and the number of elected officials has since left. .
A third of his deputies, about 50, split to follow former M5S leader, current Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio, who recently founded his own party, Together for the Future (IPF).
The uncertainty surrounding the future of the Draghi government did not cause turmoil in the markets: the Milan stock exchange fell by more than 3% on Thursday afternoon and the cost of debt in Italy rose again, a sign of the nervousness of the environment .